Nuclear Power Laboratory
These panorama photographs show Nuclear Power Laboratory in Nuclear Thermal Engineering Division (former division name). The laboratory was constructed two years after the establishment of Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors in 1964. Nuclear Power Experimental Apparatus set up in the stairwell of the laboratory was used for academic research studies by graduate students in Master’s course and doctoral course of Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate Course of Science and Engineering. They have grown up to be excellent researchers or engineers through the academic research studies, and have contributed to Nuclear Society since their graduation. Major research topics are boiling two-phase flow in the core of light water reactors, thermal-hydraulics of nuclear fusion blanket, thermal-hydraulics of lead-bismuth-cooled fast reactors, and fluid-dynamics measurement.
Heavy ion accelerator system
This facility consists of negative ion sources, a 1.6 MV tandem Pelletron electrostatic accelerator (photograph) and a beam transport system. The electrostatic accelerator can deliver well-focused MeV ion beams with high energy-resolution to the target. Ions with mass-numbers ranging from A=1 to 100 can be accelerated. The typical beam current is 1 μA. Pulsed beams with a duration of 1 ns and a repetition frequency of 100 MHz are also available on demand. This facility is being used for the experiments on the interaction between heavy ions and hot plasmas concerning heavy-ion inertial fusion, as well as for the trace element analysis of environmental samples. Also energy-related advanced materials are investigated by means of ion-beam analytical techniques.
Rarefied gas wind tunnel
This Facility has been utilized for studies on transport phenomena of non-steady state in fueling and exhausting systems of a nuclear fusion reactor. Recently, it has been applied for wide ranges of fundamental plasma technologies as a wind tunnel of plasmas, such as plasma thruster, atomic and molecular processes in a boundary area of magnetic confinement thermonuclear fusion reactor, recombination pumping laser, innovative material processing and surface modification, or experimental simulation of molecular phenomena in ionosphere. This experimental facility is not for high vacuum experiment. Its important feature is in the respect that experiments can be carried put with a certain vacuum level even when a large amount of gas is introduced into the wind tunnel.
High resolution electron microscope for radiation damage
This facilities was established for basic researches of nuclear ceramics applied for fission and fusion nuclear reactors. A series of high performance experimental equipments are installed into the radiation control area. Main equipments include high-resolution electron microscopy (photograph) for observation of crystalline defects induced into materials, X-ray diffractometer, Laser-flash type thermal conductivity measurement unit, mechanical testing machine, scanning electron microscopy, Oxygen-Nitrogen analyzer, etc.. The researches on radiation damage of ceramics for low activation application, development of materials for severe environments, development of new materials are now going on.
Photo-excited scanning probe microscope apparatus used in ultrahigh vacuum
We have developed the apparatus for measuring not only electronic states but also optical properties of materials at nano-scale meter, by combining scanning probe microscope with a line-tunable laser.
Pb-Bi corrosion test loop
Lead alloy-cooled fast reactors (LFR) are the inherently safe reactors which are suitable for future utilization in the world for sustainability of energy resources and global environment. One of the critical issues for the development of LFRs is the compatibility of structural and core materials with the lead alloy. Thus, for the development of corrosion-resistant materials, high chromium steels with contents of aluminum and silicon and SiC are immersed in a flowing lead-bismuth eutectic at the velocity of 2 m/s and temperature of 550ºC under oxygen potential control condition for more than 1,000 hrs. The maximum flow rate is 6 L/min, and the total amount of lead-bismuth is 400 kg.
Thermo balance system for development of thermochemical energy storage materials
Energy storage technology is a key issue for efficient energy system. Thermochemical energy storage (TCES) has big potential for the technology.
Kato laboratory is developing original TCES materials for energy efficient use and load-leveling of nuclear energy, industrial process and renewable energy systems. Kinetic performance of the developed TCES materials are evaluated in the thermo balance system.